Ongoing Missile Attacks in Iraq: Targeting Foreign Troops and Exposing EU Absenteeism

Missiles and rockets attacks have targeted multiple military bases throughout Iraq in recent months, putting foreign troops at risk. This policy brief engages with some of the potential consequences to the fragile security state in Iraq, and the future of foreign intervention in the country. The EU must acknowledge these threats and take action to ensure a lasting partnership with Iraq.

 

‘OPEN THE GATES’: ERDOĞAN’S INFAMOUS FOREIGN POLICY

The ray of hope for a better life ended for the majority of more than 10,000 people at the Greek border and resulted in additional chaos and heightened suffering. This policy brief sheds light on Erdoğan’s strategic decision to open Turkey’s borders and his instrumentalization of refugees to coerce the EU and extract more financial aid.

The EU, Libya and COVID-19

The war in Libya has continued into March 2020. Despite certain efforts from the international community to reach a ceasefire between the warring parties in Berlin and enforce an arms embargo, and the recent UN Security Council Resolution 2510 (2020) that reiterated these conference conclusions, little progress has been made

IRANIAN LEGISLATIVE ELECTION: TOWARD A RECONFIGURATION OF THE POLITICAL ELITE

The Iranian president addressed a veiled yet strong warning at the Rahbar-e Enqelāb Khāmeneī: if the regime intends to heal the divide between the ruling elite and the population, it must hold free and fair elections. Since the results of the recent legislative election will ultimately impact the future of Iran-EU re- lations, this paper suggest that the European Union must redouble its efforts in negotiating with the Islamic Republic of Iran to promote a positive change in the country.

THE ESCALATION OF THE LIBYAN CONFLICT AND COVID-19: WHAT CONSEQUENCES OF A REFUGEE IN- FLUX ON TUNISIA?

The recent developments in the Libyan conflict made headlines in the past year following two main developments: General Khalifa Haftar’s announcement of his intention to conquer the capital Tripoli in April 2019, so far under the control of the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA)[1] ; and Turkey’s announcement of its intention to send troops as a back-up to Sarraj’s government since the start of 2020.

About us

The Brussels International Center is an independent, non-profit, think-and-do tank based in the capital of Europe that is committed to developing solutions to address the cyclical drivers of insecurity, economic fragility, and conflict the Middle East and North Africa, and its impact to the EU.

 

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BIC's latest project takes critical aim at yesterday's approaches to security and defence, with a view towards developing proactive solutions to the evolving nature of insecurity and hybrid warfare. Building off our extensive coding process, we will use qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate the impacts of new trends - such as disinformation campaigns, cyber warfare, climate challenges, and geopolitical factors - on the various social, political and economic drivers of conflict and instability.

 

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