Human rights violations have been ongoing in Turkey for decades, bolstered through an unjust legal system that results in the systemic grievances that the EU has failed to properly address. This report finds that these violations disproportionately impact artists, academics, lawyers and activists who express opposition against the regime.
The Islamic Republic is not immune to social unrests. Since 2017 onward, Iran has been the theatre of several spontaneous protests and riots, illustrating the consequences of complex structural deficiencies. Despite the regime’s concerted efforts to forcefully contain the protests, often through repression or intimidation, the recurrence of unrests reveals an underlying failure to address the root causes of numerous issues.