REPORT AT A GLANCE
Human rights violations have been ongoing in Turkey for decades, bolstered through an unjust legal system that results in the systemic grievances that the EU has failed to properly address. This report finds that these violations disproportionately impact artists, academics, lawyers and activists who express opposition against the regime.
The Islamic Republic is not immune to social unrests. Since 2017 onward, Iran has been the theatre of several spontaneous protests and riots, illustrating the consequences of complex structural deficiencies. Despite the regime’s concerted efforts to forcefully contain the protests, often through repression or intimidation, the recurrence of unrests reveals an underlying failure to address the root causes of numerous issues.
Today, 18 February 2020, the BIC attended the European Parliament Subcommittee on Human Rights (DROI) meeting to discuss the ongoing human rights violations in Turkey, specifically in regards to those carried out against artists, lawyers, academics and activists. Chaired by MEP Maria Arena, who has personally invited the BIC to attend the event, the panel was comprised of a broad range of Turkish activists and experts, including Mr. Ishan Cibelik, Member of the music group Yorum, and the lawyer Ms.
In late December 2019, the Tripoli based-UN backed- Government of National Accord (GNA) appealed for Turkey to intervene in Libya. As a response, the Turkish Parliament held an emergency session on January 3rd, 2020, and voted to authorize President Recep Tayep Erdogan to deploy Turkish troops to Libya. Soon after, the deployment of troops materialized. However, not only were Turkish military forces deployed but Syrian rebels from northern Syria too.
Currently, the Iraqi security sector has relied on international assistance over the past years to combat terrorism within the country through capacity building, military trainings and financial assistance. With current tensions in the region, Iraq has called for a withdrawal of all foreign military troops, which could have widespread consequences that impact the future stability of the country.
Coercive Engineered Migration corresponds to an attempt from a challenger to obtain political, economic or military concessions from a target through the instrumentalization of a migration “crisis”. It generally appears as an asymmetric weapon by a weak actor against a stronger one and may, in some cases, be considered as a punishment strategy. Usually the favorite target in this exercise of coercive diplomacy is defined by a democratic mode of governance.